FB44: Mountain Farming and the Environment

FB 44
European countries have been addressing the problems of mountain areas through specific sectoral policy programs for several decades. Since the 1970s, the implementation of compensatory allowances schemes has been the most notable measure in this field and has drawn attention to the difficulties and tasks of mountain agriculture. Yet, with growing environmental concern, an heightened awareness of the environmental impact of farm management systems in these regions is called for, and the achievements of agricultural land use with regard to environmental performance under unfavourable conditions should be emphasised. It has been recognised in this time that agricultural policies in general, and particularly those for less-favoured areas (LFAs) and mountain areas, can no longer be conceived by focusing on the production function alone, but have to take into account a multitude of tasks comprising the provision of resources and services to the regional economy.

Hence support for agricultural structures in mountain areas affects biodiversity, environmental development and cultural landscapes. The interrelationship of effects is also reflected by an increased demand for integrated development programmes fostering the involvement of a wide range of different players and the search for local solutions. However, such actions require an adequate policy framework. Reforms of agrarian and regional policy have already taken up steps in this direction. This report aims at underlining the awareness developed and encouraging action towards the sensitivity of mountain areas. This aspect will have to play a substantial role in the current debate on the reform of EU policies.

The principal aim of this report was to provide condensed survey information illustrating, however, the diversity and common approaches in the area. To this end, a series of study-area-specific documents have been used and served as the basis for focused papers following a standardised presentation structure for each study area of the "Central and Eastern Alps" regional group. The papers presented by Michael Köbler (Technical University of Munich) Paolo De Giorgi (Swiss Group for Mountain Regions), Gaby Eschler and Erwin Stucki (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich), Elena Piutti (Centro di Ecologia Alpina Monte Bondone)Tomaz Cunder (Agricultural Institute of Slovenia), Marija Markeš (Triglav National Park), Thomas Dax and Georg Wiesinger (Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen) concern the regional context, the main impacts of mountain agriculture, the environmental situation and the driving forces on the environment, an assessment of the most relevant agri-environmental measures and strategies for future environmental specific mountain policy. By way of introduction and summarising the study area results, the report opens with a survey of core findings on the inclusion of environmental concerns into mountain agricultural policies.

hese research tasks, together with the reflection of the intensifying international debate on mountain issues, have contributed to the understanding of the need for the integration of environmental concerns into mountain policies. The need is felt to be particularly urgent as the irreversibility of changes have to be taken into account in an integrated regional approach in order to prevent undesirable developments in the environment of our mountain areas and degradation of essential resources.

Forschungsbericht Nr. 44 der Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen, Wien 1998.
178 Seiten, € 5,81

Download

 Name Erstellt am Dateigröße  
fb44 18.04.2013 1.19249 mb

Keywords

FB44, BF67/95

weiterführende Literatur

  • Chen, Y., Dax, T. and Zhang, D. (2019) 陈燕英,托马斯.达克斯,张大昌. 农业旅游与资源保护型景区目的地形象构建研究——以贵州百里杜鹃景区为例[J].经济论坛,2019(02):100-105.[ Complementary Effects of Agricultural Tourism and Tourist Destination Brand in Resource-Preserved Scenic Areas, Comparative Findings from Mountain Case studies in China and Europe, published at Economic Forum of Hebei Academy of Social Sciences] (in Chinese)

  • Dax, T. (2019) Development of mountainous regions: smart specialization approaches as a means to overcoming peripheralization, in: Kristensen, I., Dubois, A. and Teräs, J. (eds) Strategic Approaches to Regional Development, Smart Experimentationin Less-Favoured Regions. Series Regions and Cities, Abingdon: Routledge, 52-67.

  • Hovorka, G. und Dax, T. (2019) Die Alm- und Alpwirtschaft als kulturelles Erbe. In: Land & Raum 1/2019, 33-35.

  • Khartishvili, L., Muhar, A., Dax, T. and Khelashvili, I., (2019) Rural Tourism in Georgia in Transition: Challenges for Regional Sustainability, in: Sustainability 11(2), 410. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020410

  • Oedl-Wieser, T., Fischer, M. and Dax, T. (2019) Bevölkerungsrückgang in ländlichen Regionen Österreichs: Lebensphasen- und geschlechter-spezifische Wanderungsbewegungen vor dem Hintergrund von Motiven und Lebensqualität (Population decline in rural areas of Austria: life course – and gender-specific migration and the relevance of motives and life quality), in: Austrian Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Studies 27(1), 151-159. DOI 10.15203/OEGA_27.19

  • Chilla, T., Heugel, A., Streifeneder, T., Ravazzoli, E., Laner, P., Tappeiner, U., Egarter, L., Dax, T., Machold, I., Pütz, M., Marot, N. and Ruault, J.F. (2018) Alps 2050 Common spatial perspectives for the Alpine area. Towards a common vision. Draft Final Report, 17.09.2018. ESPON Project Targeted Analysis. ESPON EGTC, Luxembourg.

  • Chilla, T., Heugel, A., Streifeneder, T., Ravazzoli, E., Laner, P., Tappeiner, U., Egarter, L., Dax, T., Machold, I., Pütz, M., Marot, N. and Ruault, J.F. (2018) Alps 2050 Common spatial perspectives for the Alpine area. Towards a common vision. Inception Report, Revised Version 09.03.2018. ESPON Project Targeted Analysis. ESPON EGTC, Luxembourg, 55pp.

  • Chilla, T., Heugel, A., Streifeneder, T., Ravazzoli, E., Laner, P., Tappeiner, U., Egarter, L., Dax, T., Machold, I., Pütz, M., Marot, N. and Ruault, J.F. (2018) Alps 2050 Common spatial perspectives for the Alpine area. Towards a common vision. Interim Report, Revised Version 23.04.2018. ESPON EGTC, Luxembourg, 56pp.

  • Wiesinger, Georg: Governance, Zivilgesellschaft und Sozialkapital. In: Dax, Th. und Wiesinger, G. (eds), Soziale Nachhaltigkeit und Netzwerke im Alpenraum, Facts&Features Nr. 37, BA für Bergbauernfragen, Wien 2008, S. 31-35

  • Wiesinger, G. und Dax, Th.: Netzwerke gegen Marginalisierung im Berggebiet. In: Dax, Th. und Wiesinger, G. (eds), Soziale Nachhaltigkeit und Netzwerke im Alpenraum, Facts&Features Nr. 37, BA für Bergbauernfragen, Wien 2008, S. 3-11

  • Dax, Th./Wiesinger, G.: Soziale Nachhaltigkeit und Netzwerke im Alpenraum. Facts&Features Nr. 37, Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen, Wien, Jänner 2008, 48 S.

  • Dax Thomas, Wiesinger Georg: Rural Amenities in Mountain Areas. In: Brouwer, Floor; Rheenen, Teunis van; Dhillion, Shivcharn S., Elgersma, Anna Martha (Eds.) Sustainable Land Management. Strategies to Cope with the Marginalisation of Agriculture, Edward Elgar Cheltenham, UK Northampton, MA, USA 2008, pp. 131-148.

  • Dax, Thomas und Wiesinger, Georg (2007): Der Marginalisierung entgegenwirken: Nachhaltige Entwicklung der Berglandwirtschaft. In: Ländlicher Raum, Online-Fachzeitung des Bundesministeriums für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft, Wien Jänner 2007, 18 pp. www.laendlicher-raum.at

  • DAX, Th./HOVORKA, G./WIESINGER, G.: „Perspektiven für die Politik zur Entwicklung des ländlichen Raumes. Der GAP-Reformbedarf aus österreichischer Perspektive“, Facts&Features Nr. 24, Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen, Wien, April 2003, 71 Seiten

  • DAX, Th./HOVORKA, G./WIESINGER, G.: „Der Reformbedarf der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik (GAP) hinsichtlich der Entwicklung des ländlichen Raumes“, in: Ländlicher Raum, Online-Fachzeitschrift des BMLFUW, Ausgabe Nr. 2/2003, Wien 2003, www.laendlicher-raum.at

  • Teilbericht: „Perspektiven für die Politik zur Entwicklung des ländlichen Raumes“ , Bericht des BMLFUW-Projektes Nr. 1258 „Der GAP-Reformbedarf aus österreichischer Perspektive“, unter der Leitung von Univ.Prof. Hofreither; überarbeiteter Abschlussbericht, Dax, Th., Hovorka, G. und Wiesinger, G.; Wien, Juli 2002 (91 Seiten)

  • MacDonald, D., Crabtree, J.R., WIESINGER, G., DAX, T., Stamou, N., Fleury, P., Gutierrez Lazpita, J. and Gibon, A.: Agricultural abandonment in mountain areas of Europe: Environmental consequences and policy response, in: Journal of Environmental Management (2000) 59, London 2000

  • Wiesinger, Georg, Dax, Thomas (1999): Integration von Umweltanliegen in die Berglandwirtschaft in: Der Förderungsdienst, 47. Jahrgang, Heft 3/99, pp.73-82.

  • Dax, Thomas, Wiesinger, Georg (1998): Mountain Farming and the Environment: Towards Integration, Perspectives for mountain policies in Central and Eastern Alps. Research report no. 44 of Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen. Wien.

  • Wiesinger, Georg, Dax, Thomas (1998): Mountain Farming and the Environment: Towards Integration, Perspectives for mountain policies in Central and Eastern Alps, Bundesanstalt für Bergbauernfragen, research report no. 44. Wien. 177Seiten.


Related Content



BF067/95: Sozioökonomische Analyse des Berggebietes
Strukturanalyse und Strategieansätze Im Rahmen des EU-Projektes „Integration von Umweltanliegen in die Berglandwirtschaft“ wurden Strategieüberlegungen für...


FF32: Berggebiete in Europa
Berggebiete werden in der EU verstärkt als Regionen mit spezifischen Entwicklungsproblemen betrachtet. Angesichts einer fehlenden, europaweit akzeptierten Abgrenzung...