Drawing from the interim findings of a 2 year, EU-wide project, this paper considers the contribution the CAP makes to territorial cohesion across Europe. It is based on analysis of indicators at NUTS 3 level for the EU 27 (including Switzerland and Norway) and initial findings from a case study of CAP support in a region of Austria.
Analysis shows that the incidence of Pillar 1 support is not consistent with the economic or social cohesion objectives of the EU. In particular, statistical analysis suggests that Pillar 1 support is distributed in such a way that it tends to benefit richer regions with lower unemployment rates and with higher than average population growth. Contrary to expectations, the incidence of Pillar 2 support is also inconsistent with cohesion objectives, favouring the richer areas of the EU. Reasons identified for the pattern of Pillar 2 support include differing national priorities, the uneven allocation of RDR funds and difficulties of co-financing in poorer regions. Importantly, analysis of the impact of the Mid Term Review proposals on farm incomes suggests that the latest reforms of the CAP will not improve the consistency between the CAP and cohesion.
The paper discusses the key policy implications arising from the findings. It is argued that although member states are increasingly able to direct discretionary support measures towards territorial priorities, this is still only a very minor part of the CAP. As is exemplified by the case study in Austria, only a substantial comprehensive effort of rural development measures can provide compensatory territorial effects. Finally, the need for a more coherent, integrative rural development policy framework is discussed.
Dax, Thomas, Machold, Ingrid, Roberts, Deborah (2004): The CAP Rural Development Policy and Territorial Cohesion: Findings from an EU-wide analysis. Paper at the 87th EAAE seminar "Assessing rural development policies of the CAP", 21.-23.4.2004 Universität für Bodenkultur Wien. Wien.
Dax, T. and Copus, A. (2016) The Future of Rural Development, in: European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies (ed) Research for AGRI Committee – CAP Reform Post-2020 – Challenges in Agriculture, Workshop Documentation, IP/B/AGRI/IC/2015-195. Brussels: Policy Department B: Structural and Cohesion Policies, Agriculture and Rural Development, 221-303. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/en/document.html?reference=IPOL_STU(2016)585898
Strahl, Wibke, Dax, Thomas and Hovorka, Gerhard (2011), A regional analysis of CAP expenditure in Austria, Paper at the 122nd EAAE Seminar \\\"Evidence-based Agricultural and Rural Policy Making: Methodoligical and empirical Challenges of Policy Evaluation”, February 17-18, Ancona.
Oedl-Wieser, Theresia (2009): How to resolve the incompatibility problem between CAP / RDP and Gender Equality?\\\" Paper for the \\\"First European Conference on Politics and Gender\\\", 21-23.1.2009 at the Queen\\\'s University Belfast, Northern Irland
Katona, Judith und Dax, Thomas: Sustainable Rural Development in Environmentally Protected Areas of Hungary and Austria: The Role of CAP Instruments. Paper at the XIIth Congress of the European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE), 26-29 August 2008, Gent, Belgien
Bergmann, H., Dax, T., Hocevar, V., Hovorka, G., Juvancic, L., Kröger, M. and Thomson, K.J.: Reforming Pillar 2 – Towards Significant and Sustainable Rural Development? Paper at the 109th EAAE seminar “The CAP after the Fischler Reform: National Implementations, Impact Assessment and the Agenda for Future Reforms”, Viterbo, Italy, 20-21 November 2008, 17pp.
Dax, Thomas: The on-going CAP-reform - incentive for a shift towards rural development activities? paper to the XIth congress of the EAAE (European Association of Agricultural Economists), 23-27 August, 2005, Copenhagen, Dänemark.
Dax, Th./Machold, I./ Roberts, D.: The CAP, rural development policy and territorial cohesion: findings from an EU-wide analysis, in: Ortner, K.M. (ed.): Assessing rural development policies of the Common Agricultural Policy, selection of paper from the 87th seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE), April 21 – 23, 2004, Wien, Wissenschaftsverlag Vauk, Kiel 2005, S. 107 - 123
Tamme, Oliver: “Evaluation of the employment effects of the Rural Development under the regulation 1257/99 in Austria and in other EU-Member States” paper at the 87th EAAE seminar \"Assessing rural development policies of the CAP\", Wien, 21.-23. April 2004
Dax, Thomas / Machold, Ingrid / Roberts, Deborah: The CAP, Rural Development Policy and Territorial Cohesion: Findings from an EU-wide analysis, paper at the 87th EAAE seminar \"Assessing rural development policies of the CAP\", Wien, 21.-23. April 2004
Oedl-Wieser, Theresia (2004): How to mainstream \"gender\" into the \"gender-neutral\" Rural Development Policy? - Difficulties and prospects from an evaluators view. Paper presented at the 87th EAAE-Seminar \"Assessing rural development policies of the CAP\", Vienna BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, 21 - 23 April 2004. Wien.
Hovorka, Gerhard: “Evaluation of the compensatory allowance scheme under the regulation 1257/99 in Austria and in other EU-Member States”. in: Proceedings of the 87th EAAE-Seminar “Assessing rural development policies of the CAP”, Vienna, 21.-24. April 2004
DAX, T. and Hellegers, P.: „Policies for Less-Favoured Areas, in: Brouwer, F. and P. Lowe (eds.): CAP Regimes and the European Countryside, Prospects for Integration between Agricultural, Regional und Environmental Policies, CAB International, Wallingford 2000